09 January 2018

Tombstone Tuesday: Israel and Sarah Cohen, Montefiore Cemetery, New York

Tracking a couple named Cohen is not for the faint of heart. I avoided tackling the genealogy of Israel and Sarah for several years, but, recently, I made some progress in locating them in New York City records. So, here's what we know.

Here lies
My husband and our dear father
Yisrael BenTzion son of Shloma Yitzchak
Died
24 Elul 5699
May his soul be bound in the bonds of life
BELOVED HUSBAND
AND DEAR FATHER
ISRAEL
COHEN
DIED SEPT. 7, 1939
AGE 62 YRS
FOREVER IN OUR HEARTS


Here lies
Our beloved mother
Zissel daughter of David
Died
16 Elul 5705
May her soul be bond in the bonds of life
BELOVED MOTHER
SARAH
COHEN
DIED AUG. 24, 1945
AGE 62 YRS

FOREVER IN OUR HEARTS

Both Israel and Sarah (usually called Zissel) were likely born in Starokostyantyniv, a larger community 32 kilometers SSW of Labun (the hometown of those who were members of the First Lubiner Progressive Benevolent Association landsmanshaft in New York City). I have not been able, thus far, to identify Israel and  Zissel's tie to the landsmanshaft and, therefore, why their graves are within the landsmanshaft's plot. I have noted, however, that Starokostyantiniv was a common choice for those who wished to leave Labun and settle in a larger, nearby community.

Israel was born in the late 1870s to Shloma Yitzchak Kucuszyn and Sylvia Katz (her name was clearly not Sylvia but, that is the name shown on Israel's death certificate and I have not yet found any additional sources).[1] Zissel was born about 1882 to David Sachnovetsky and Bessie (likely Basya or Basha) Gold.[2]

Israel, Sarah and their children Hencia (later, Adele), Chana (Anna) and Mejer (Meyer) left Antwerp aboard the S.S. Lapland on 14 September 1922 and landed in New York on 23 September. Srul (Israel) was identified as a laborer. The family was headed to Israel's sister, Jetta Besfuchna, who then lived at 162 Houston Street in lower Manhattan. I have not located Jetta, thus far, in any other records.[3]
[*update (15 Jan 2018): I believe this may have been Yetta Bespechney who died on 24 Sep 1952)]

The 1925 New York State census enumeration found the family at 451 Grand Street, New York, NY.[4] They continued to live at that address through at least 1928.[5] Israel sold furniture; Adele Cohen was a milliner; Anna was a machine operator making suits; and Meyer was in school. Israel eventually opened his own furniture store.

Adele married Mischa Pugatche on 31 October 1927.[6] The officiant at their marriage was Labun Rabbi Yoer Lerner, whose immigration in 1924 had been paid for and sponsored by the First Lubiner Progressive Benevolent Association.[7] Mischa (later known also by the first name Morris), was a pharmacist from Starokostyantiniv. Perhaps Mischa and Adele were acquainted with each other in the old country.

When Israel died in 1939, he and Zissel had been living at 862 Jennings Street in the Bronx. Zissel died in 1945 after a four-month stay at the Manhattan State Hospital, Wards Island. This was a psychiatric hospital. Her home address was reported on her death certificate as 1504 Longfellow Avenue, Bronx, NY. He son Meyer, the informant on her death certificate, lived at 976 Tiffany Street, Bronx, NY.

Israel and Zissel's children were:
  • Adele Cohen Pugatche b. 12 March 1906, d. April 1988;
  • Anna Cohen, b. ca. 1908; and
  • Meyer Cohen, b. 22 July 1911, d. April 1966.
Israel's and Zissel's graves are located in block 5, gate 567W. Israel's is in line 1R, grave 5. Zissel (Sarah) is in line 1L, grave 5. Their son Meyer is also interred in the Montefiore Cemetery plot with his wife, Basha.
 
Notes:
1. For the original surname, see the family's passenger manifest: Manifest, S.S. Lapland, 23 September 1922, list 6, lines 25-29, Srul (age 46), Zisla (41), Chane (13), Hencia (17), and Mejer (9) Kucuszyn; images, "New York, Passenger Lists, 1820-1957, Ancestry (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 3 January 2018). For Israel's parents' names, see the his gravestone, above, and death certificate: Bronx County, New York, death certificate no. 8265 (1939), Israel Cohen, 7 September 1939; Municipal Archives, New York City.
2. Bronx County, New York, death certificate no. 18388 (1945), Sarah Cohen, 24 August 1945; Municipal Archives, New York City.
3, Nothing found for anything resembling this name or anyone named Yetta in 1920 census New York enumeration district 627. Also nothing in the 1925 NY State census in A.D.8, E.D. 4.
4. 1925 New York State Census, New York County, New York, enumeration of inhabitants, Manhattan, assembly district 1, election district 1, p. 41, Israel and Sarah Cohen family; images, Ancestry (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 3 January 2018); citing New York State Archives, Albany.
5. Adele Cohen Pugatche, naturalization file no. 138461 (1928), U.S. District Court, Southern District of New York; NARA record group 22.
6. New York County, New York, marriage certificate no. 30492 (1927), Mischa Pugatche and Adele Cohen, 31 October 1927; Municipal Archives, New York City. 
7. For Rabbi Lerner's arrival, see: Manifest, S.S. Cedric, 11 March 1924, list 7 [stamped], lines 2-3, Fre (age 61) and Rebeka (62) Lerner; images, "New York, Passenger Lists, 1820-1957, Ancestry (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 25 January 2012). For information about the sponsorship of his immigration, see this post

26 December 2017

Tombstone Tuesday: Carl Kaimowitz, Beth Moses Cemetery, Pinlawn, New York

Carl Kaimowitz was the eldest son of the couple I profiled last week, Morris and Anna Kaimowitz.

 CARL
KAIMOWITZ

DEVOTED
HUSBAND - FATHER
SON - BROTHER
MARCH 31, 1924
JULY 18, 1969

Carl was born in Brooklyn to immigrant parents.[1] David, his younger brother, was born on 30 July 1929.[2] The 1930 census found the family in Brooklyn in an apartment at 3426 41st Street, Long Island City, Queens C0unty, New York.[3]

When Carl was in high school, his family (including his mother's parents, Israel and Molly Marcus) lived in a two-family house at 3056 37th Street in Long Island City.[4]

Carl acquired a Brooklyn license to marry Mildred Shenkman on 18 February 1950.[5] They, likely, married soon after. They had two daughters: Susan and Barbara.

When Carl died suddenly in 1969 at the age of 45, he was vice president of John Thallon and Co., Inc, a meat importing-exporting firm based in Rockville Center, New York.[6]

Carl's grave is located in the First Lubiner Progressive Benevolent Association plot in Beth Moses Cemetery, Pinelawn, Nassau County, New York

Notes:
1. "New York, New York, Births, 1910-1965," images of index, Ancestry (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 23 December 2017), entry for Carl Kaimowitz, birth certificate no. 14113, 31 March 1924, Brooklyn, New York; citing Department of Health, New York City.
2. "U.S., Social Security Death Index, 1935-2014," index, Ancestry (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 1 December 2017), entry for David Kaimowitz, 5 January 2009, Scotch Plains, Union County, New Jersey.
3. 1930 U.S. Census, Queens Co., NY, population schedule, Long Island City, enumeration district 41-75, sheet 12A, dwelling 44, family 223, Carl Kaimowitz; images, Ancestry (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 10 December 2017); citing NARA microfilm publication T626, roll 1585.
4. Kaimowitz family members' first names and ages and grandparents names indicate that the census enumerator did not write the surname correctly. 1940 U.S. Census, Queens Co., NY, pop. sched., Long Island City, e.d. 41-77, sheet 9A, household 168, Carl Kilmwitz; images, Ancestry (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 16 December 2017); citing NARA microfilm publication T627, roll 2721.
5. "New York City, Marriage Licenses, 1907-1995," images of index, Ancestry (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 23 December 2017), entry for  Carl Kaimowitz, 18 February 1950, Brooklyn, NY; citing Municipal Archives, New York City.
6. Kaimowitz - Carl, "Deaths," New York Times (New York, NY), 20 July 1969, p, 57, col. 4; images, New York Times (https://timesmachine.nytimes.com/timesmachine/1969/07/20/90113397.html?pageNumber=57 : accessed 23 December 2017).

19 December 2017

Tombstone Tuesday: Morris and Anna Kaimowitz, Beth Moses Cemetery, Pinelawn, New York

Last week I posted about my two-for-one discovery that there are three Marcus sisters interred in the First Lubiner Progressive Benevolent Association plot at Beth Moses Cemetery - and none of them are from the town associated with this landsmanshaft organization: Labun/Lubin. The link among them is via Labun native, Jack Lerner, husband of sister Edna Marcus. You may read about Jack and Edna here and here.

This week, the subject is one of Edna's sisters, Anna Marcus Kaimowitz, and her husband Morris.

KAIMOWITZ

MORRIS
BELOVED HUSBAND
DEVOTED FATHER
AND GRANDFATHER
AUG. 20, 1896
JULY 18, 1972

ANNA BELOVED WIFE
DEVOTED MOTHER
AND GRANDMOTHER

DEC. 9, 1905
DEC. 6, 1982

SHE LIVED WITH
PRIDE AND DIGNITY

Both Morris and Anna were from Lomza, Poland and married in Brooklyn on 3 June 1923.[1] 

Morris was the son of Kadish Kaimowitz and Yospa Kassowitz. I located an indexed Lomza birth entry recorded in 1906 for Moszk Kajmowicz, son of Kadysz, on the Jewish Records Indexing - Poland webpage. The record was recorded consecutively along with two other siblings. Moszk's birth record was likely a delayed entry. Perhaps his parents did not travel to the records office to document his birth until a younger sibling was born. An index of the 1987 Lomza census, shows the family with son Mojsej Kajmowicz, age 3.[2] So, it is likely that Morris was born in about 1893-4.

Morris' World War I draft registration card showed a birth date of 20 August 1894. His Social Security Death Index record indicated 20 August 1895. His World War II registration showed 20 August 1896.[3] So, there is consistency for the 20th of August. The year is still a question.

I have yet to locate Morris' immigration or naturalization records, but his census records in 1920 and 1930 indicate he arrived in the U.S. between 1912 and 1914.[4] In New York he initially worked as a tailor in a clothing factory.

Anna's typed passenger manifest showed her as Chona Liba Mareyk (probably mistranscribed from something like Marcyk).[5] She was 14 and traveled with her older sister Perra from Liverpool to New York, landing on 19 July 1920.

Anna and her later arriving family members all went to her elder brother Jacob Marcus' home at 377 Hinsdale Avenue in Brooklyn. Anna was still at that address in 1923 when she married Morris Kaimowitz. Their marriage ceremony was performed there, as well.[6] 

By 1930, Morris and Anna lived at 3426 41st Street in Long Island City, Queens County, NY. Their son Carl had been born 31 March 1924 (died 18 July 1969) and David was born on 30 July 1929 (died on 5 January 2009).[7]

In 1940 they lived at 3056 37th Street, Long Island City, Queens Co., NY, with their two sons and Anna's parents Israel and Molly Marcus.[8]

On his World War II draft registration card, Morris reported that he owned his own tailoring business at 32-31 Steinway Street in Long Island City and lived at 30-62 37th Street.[9]

Morris and Anna's son, Carl's, grave is in the same Beth Moses Cemetery plot.

Notes:
1. Kings County, New York, marriage certificate no. 6674 (1923), Morris Kaimowitz and Anna Marcus, 3 June 1923; Municipal Archives, New York City.
2. 1897 Russian Census, Lomza District, entry for Mojsej Kajmowicz, age 3; index, Jewish Records Indexing-Poland (http://www.jri-p.org : accessed 17 December 2017); citing Polish State Archives, Fond 19, sygnatura 22, p. 27. 
3. U.S., World War I Draft Registration Card, 1917-1918," images, Ancestry (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 10 December 2017), entry for Morris Kaimowitz, no. 309, draft board 87, Kings County, New York. 
   "United States Social Security Death Index," index, FamilySearch (https://wwww.familysearch.org : accessed 17 December 2017), entry for Morris Kaimowitz, July 1972. 
   "U.S., World War II Draft Registration Card, 1942," images, Ancestry (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 10 December 2017), entry for Morris Kaimowitz, serial no. 2559, Queens County, New York. 
4. 1920 U.S. Census, Kings Co., NY, pop. sched., Brooklyn, e.d. 91, sheet 5A, dwell. 50, fam. 77, Morris Kemowitz; images, Ancestry (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 17 December 2017); citing NARA microfilm publication T625, roll 1146.   1930 U.S. Census, Queens Co., NY, pop. sched., Long Island City, sheet 12A, e.d. 41-75, dwell. 44, fam. 223, Morris and Anna Kaimowitz family; images, Ancestry (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 10 December 2017); citing NARA microfilm publication T626, roll 1585.
5. Manifest, S.S. Caronia, 19 July 1920, p. 16, line 30, Chona Liba [indexed as Lida] Mareyk, age 14; images, "New York, Passenger Lists, 1820-1957," Ancestry (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 17 December 2017). 
6. Kings Co., NY, marriage certificate no. 6674 (1923), Morris Kaimowitz and Anna Marcus, 3 June 1923.
7. 1930 U.S. Census, Queens Co., NY, pop. sched., Long Island City, sheet 12A, e.d. 41-75, dwell. 44, fam. 223, Morris and Anna Kaimowitz family.
   Carl's dates of birth and death are from his gravestone in the First Lubiner Progressive Benevolent Association plot in Beth Moses Cemetery, Suffolk County, New York.
   For David's dates of birth and death, see "U.S., Social Security Death Index, 1935-2014," index, Ancestry (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 17 December 2017), entry for David Kaimowitz, 5 January 2009, Scotch Plains, Union Co., NJ.
8. 1940 U.S. Census, Queens Co., NY, pop. sched., Long Island City, e.d. 41-72, sheet 9A, household 168, Morris and Anna Kelmwitz; images, Ancestry (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 16 December 2017); NARA microfilm publication T627, roll 2721.
9. "U.S., World War II Draft Registration Card, 1942," entry for Morris Kaimowitz, serial no. 2559, Queens County, New York.

12 December 2017

Tombstone Tuesday: Max and Gussie Kosotsky, Beth Moses Cemetery, Pinelawn, NY

Both Max and Gussie Marcus Kosotsky were born in Lomza, Poland. How did they wind up in the landsmanshaft plot for the community of Labun, Ukraine? That was the puzzle. In this case there were a few degrees of separation, but I managed find their link.

KOSOTSKY

Here lies
Gitel daughter of Yisrael Ber
GUSSIE
MAY10, 1896
FE. 26 1980
9 ADAR 5740
BELOVED WIFE
MOTHER - GRANDMOTHER
[ ... ]

Here lies
Mordechai son of Alexander
MAX
AUGUST 27, 1896
JANUARY 29, 1982
6 SHEVAT 5742
DEVOTED HUSBAND
FATHER - GRANDFATHER
GREAT GRANDFATHER

I have been documenting those interred in First Lubiner Progressive Benevolent Association plots in Montefiore and Beth Moses Cemeteries to discover each person's association with the community of Labun (Lubin), Volhynia Gubernia, Russian Empire. For most of the people I've profiled, the relationship has been fairly clear: they were either born in or resided in the town or were related to someone who was so associated. 

Max Kosotsky was 17 when he arrived in the United States aboard the S.S. Lapland on 12 December 1911. His father, Sam, was already in New York City living at 82 Norfolk Street.[1] Max's mother's name was Chaje (Ida).

According to census records Gussie Marcus came to the United States in 1914.[2] She was originally Gitla Marczyk, one of about nine children of Israel Ber and Malka Marczyk of Lomza. Some of her brothers were in the United States before she arrived. Her parents and sister, Slowa (Sylvia), arrived in 1921.[3]

Gussie Marcus and Max Kosotsky married on 24 November 1918 in Brooklyn.[4]

In 1920, Max and Gussie lived with her brother, Harry, and his family at 1450 Madison Avenue in Manhattan. Max was an operator in a clothing factory.[5] Their daughter, Esther, had been born 19 August 1919 (Esther married Maurice Prober in 1942. She passed away on 4 October 2010.[6])

In 1925, Max and Gussie, along with their daughters Esther and Anna (born 12 April 1924; married William S. Port in 1946; died in 1967 [7]), lived in an apartment at 373 Miller Avenue, Brooklyn. Max still worked as an operator in the clothing industry.[8]

The family remained at that location through, at least, 1942 when Max's World War II draft registration included that address.[9] He worked for Jacob Marcus, one of Gussie's brothers.

In 1927, Edna Marcus, one of Gussie's sisters, married Jack Lerner, an immigrant from Labun. You may read about them here and here

Another sister, Anna Marcus, married Morris Kaimowitz, also from Lomza, on 3 June 1923. 

The connection of these Lomza natives to the First Lubiner Progressive Benevolent Association plot is through Edna Marcus' husband Jack Lerner. The Lerner, Kosotsky and Kaimowitz graves are all located within plot at Beth Moses Cemetery.

Notes:
1. Manifest, S.S. Lapland, 12 December 1911, sheet 34, line 28, Moses Kozazky, age 17; images, "New York, Passenger Lists, 1820-1957," Ancestry (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 10 December 2017). 
2. 1920 U.S. Census, New York Co., NY, population schedule, Manhattan, e.d. 1108, sheet 6A, dwelling 3, family 100, Max and Gussie Kosotsky; images, Ancestry (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 10 December 2017); NARA microfilm publication T625, roll 1214.
  1925 New York State Census, Kings Co., NY, enumeration of inhabitants, Brooklyn, assembly district 22, election district 30, p. 36, Max and Gussie Kosotsky family; images, Ancestry (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 10 December 2017).
3. Manifest, S.S. Finland, 7 May 1921, list 8, lines 22, 23 and 25, Izrael Ber Marczyk (age 54), Malka Marczyk (53), and Slowa Marczyk (13); images, "New York, Passenger Lists, 1820-1957," Ancestry (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 10 December 2017).
4. Kings County, New York, marriage certificate no. 13210 (1918), Max Kosotsky and Gussie Marcus, 24 November 1918; Municipal Archives, New York City.
5. 1920 U.S. Census, NY Co., NY, population schedule, Manhattan, e.d. 1108, sheet 6A, dwell. 3, fam. 100, Max and Gussie Kosotsky.
6. Esther Prober, obituary, Connecticut Post (Bridgeport, CT), 5 October 2010; transcription, Legacy (http://www.legacy.com : accessed 10 December 2017).
7. Esther Prober, obituary, Connecticut Post (Bridgeport, CT), 5 October 2010.
8. 1925 New York State Census, Kings Co., NY, enumeration of inhabitants, Brooklyn, AD 22, ED 30, p. 36, Max and Gussie Kosotsky family.
9. U.S., World War II Draft Registration Cards, 1942," images, Ancestry (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 10 December 2017), card for Max Kosotsky, serial no. U412, Brooklyn draft board.

05 December 2017

Tombstone Tuesday: Michael and Tillie Weiss, Montefiore Cemetery, Queens, New York

I have not quite figured out everything I'd like to know about Michael and Tillie (Taube) Weiss. I have found that Tillie and her children resided in Sudilkov before emigration in 1910 and that they report being born there, as well.[1] I have not determined similar information regarding Michael.

Here lies
a saintly and modest man 
Michel son of Moshe Weiss
Died 8 Iyyar 5797

May his soul be bound in the bonds of the living

MICHAEL WEISS
DIED APRIL 19, 1937
AGE 84 YEARS

BELOVED FATHER

According to his death certificate, Michael was the son of Moses Weiss and Sarah Cohen. He was an immigrant, born in Russia and lived in the United States (and New York City) for 31 years.[2] If accurate, that would indicate immigration about 1906. I have not been able to determine if he naturalized and I have not yet located his passenger manifest.


Tillie's stone is a bit difficult to read.*

Here lies buried
our dear mother, a proper woman, Mrs.
Toiba daughter of Chaim Meier
54 years old
7 Menachem Av 5673
May her soul be bound in the bond of life

MY BELOVED WIFE 
AND OUR DEAR MOTHER
TAUBE WEISS
DIED  AUG. 10, 1913
AGE 54 YEARS 

Tillie was born Taube Shapiro to Hyman (Chaim) Meier and Bessie (probably Basia). Her death record indicates her mother's surname was Weiss.[3] I have no additional record to corroborate that andformation and, therefore, cannot vouch for its accuracy. At her death, she had been in the USA or four years. He death certificate indicates an age of 45 years, not 54 as on the stone. 45 years matches her age on her passenger manifest (42 in 1910).

When Taube arrived in New York on January 1910 with her children Perl, Scheindel and Moishe, they headed to husband/father Michael who lived at 24 Cannon Street, New York, NY. She reported her brother-in-law, Abram Pilmann, lived in Ritzew (aka Hrytsiv, Ukraine - 12 km WSW of Labun)

A 1910 census record for a Michael and Tillie W. Wies family may be for our subject couple.[4] The Michael in the record is a presser (our Michael Weiss' death certificate indicates he worked as a clothing presser, as well). The family lived at 163 Madison Street, New York, NY. The children were Lizzie (age 18) [not known from other records], Pearlie (16) [consistent with the manifest record], Mary (12) [the age would be consistent with Scheindel's age, the name, not so much], and Morris (11) [consistent]. A boarder named Israel Shapiro also lived with them [consistent with Tillie's maiden name].

In addition, the census indicated that Michael and eldest daughter, Lizzie, immigrated in 1906 and the rest of the family in 1910 [we know that 1910 is an accurate year for Tillie and the younger children].

So far, no other census records have been successfully linked to Michael. When Tillie died in August 1913, she had been living at 250 Clinton Street, New York, NY.[5]

Perl became Pauline and married Abe Joseph Cohen in Manhattan on 20 December 1914.[6] 

Scheindel became Jennie and married David Charles Sinclair (born in Dunedin, New Zealand) on 10 April 1924. It did not go well. 

They had Rosina Sinclair on 9 February 1925.[7] The June 1 1925 New York State census found the young family at 58 107th Street in Manhattan.[8] Rose died on 7 November 1925 of bacillary dysentery.

Their second child, Alfred, died of tuberculosis of cerebro-spinal meningitis at age 2 on 17 July 1928.[9] 

Esther Sinclair was born on 27 February 1928.[10] In the 1930 census she was recorded living at the Home for Hebrew Infants on West Kingsbridge Road in the Bronx.[11] She had been admitted there on 4 September 1929 and was discharged on 21 March 1931.[12] 

In 1930, Esther's mother Jennie Weiss Sinclair lived at the New York City Children's Hospital at Randall's Island.[13] In 1940, Esther and Jennie lived together at the Wassaic State School in Armenia, Dutchess County, New York.[14]

I found Jennie's husband, David Charles Sinclair (born in Dunedin, New Zealand) in South Africa in 1942 working as a male nurse in a military hospital in Pietermaritzburg. He married Ethel Hester Galleymore on 28 February 1942.[15]

Jennie died on 9 February 1955 in Armenia, New York.[16]

When Michael died in 1937, he had been living at 2079 Daly Avenue in the Bronx. His son informed his death certificate and was reportedly living at that address, as well.[17]

Michael and Tillie are interred in First Lubiner Progressive Benevolent Association plots in Montefiore Cemetery, Queens, New York. Michael is in block 5, gate 567W, line 1R, grave 3. Tillie is in block 89, gate 156N, line 3L, grave 1.

Notes:
* I am thankful for the help of, especially, Robin Meltzer and also Leah Cohen who aided in the translation of the inscription on this stone. They both provided help via "Tracing the Tribe" FaceBook page.
1. Now, called Sudylkiv, Ukraine. It is about 24 km NW of Labun - the town associated with the First Lubiner Progressive Benevolent Association. Manifest, S.S. Carmania, 10 January 1910, p. 14, lines 11-14, Taube Weiss (age 42), Perl Weiss (15), Scheindel Weiss (11), and Moische Weiss (9); images, "New York Passneger Lists, 1820-1957," Ancestry (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 10 January 2017).
2. Bronx County, New York, death certificate no. 4175, Michael Weiss, 19 April 1937; Municipal Archives, New York City.
3. New York County, death certificate no. 23946, Tillie Weiss, 10 August 1913; Municipal Archives, New York City.
4. 1910 U.S. Census, New York Co., NY, population schedule, Manhattan, e.d. 1692, sheet 10A, dwelling 8, family 133, Michael and Tillie W. Wies; images, Ancestry (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 4 December 2017); NARA microfilm publication T624, roll 1007.
5. New York County, death certificate no. 23946, Tillie Weiss, 10 August 1913.
6. New York County, New York, marriage certificate no. 31218, Abe Joseph Cohen and Pauline Weiss; Municipal Archives, New York City. 
7. New York Co., NY, death certificate no. 27146, Rosina Sinclair, 7 November 1925; Municipal Archives, New York City.
8. 1925 New York State census, New York County, NY, enumeration of inhabitants, Manhattan, assembly district 17, election district 5, sheets 17-18, David, Jennie and Rose Sinclair; images, Ancestry (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 10 January 2017).
9. New York Co., NY, death certificate no. 19301, Alfred Sinclair, 17 July 1928; Municipal Archives, New York City.
10. "U.S., Social Security Applications and Claims Index, 1936-2007," index, Ancestry (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 10 January 2017), entry for Esther Sinclair, died 11 August 2004, SSN 059-54-7519.
11. 1930 U.S. Census, Bronx Co., NY, population schedule, Bronx, e.d. 3-624, sheet 4A, entry # 50, Esther Sinclair, age 2-1/12; images, Ancestry (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 4 December 2017); NARA microfilm publication T626, roll 1487.
12. "New York, Home for Hebrew Infants Records, 1922-1937," images, Ancestry (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 4 December 2017), entries for Esther Sinclair (admission 4 September 1929; discharge 21 March 1931); America Jewish Historical Society, Center for Jewish History, NY, NY.
13. 1930 U.S. Census, New York Co., NY, population schedule, Manhattan, e.d. 31-961, sheet 16B, entry # 87, Jennie Sinclair, age 35; images, Ancestry (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 4 December 2017); NARA microfilm publication T626, roll 1575.
14. 1940 U.S. Census, Dutchess Co., NY, population schedule, Armenia, e.d. 14-3, sheet 46B, entries 77 and 78, Jennie Sinclair (age 45) and Esther Sinclair (12); images, Ancestry (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 4 December 2017); NARA microfilm publication T627, roll 2522.
15. "South Africa, Natal Province, Civil Marriages, 1845-1955," database with images, FamilySearch (https://FamilySearch.org : accessed 4 December 2017); National Archives and Records Service of South Africa, Pretoria.  
16. "New York, Death Index, 1880-1956," index, Ancestry (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 4 December 2017), entry for Jennie Sinclair, 9 February 1955, Armenia, New York; New York Department of Health, Albany. 
17. Bronx County, New York, death certificate no. 4175, Michael Weiss, 19 April 1937.